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|El Lechero Dairy Basics - Management|
|Written by Jary D. Winstead|
|Thursday, 09 December 2010 09:50|
In the last article we discussed emergency action plans, and what was required to write one. In this article we will not stray far from that topic, and discuss emergency first aid.
Each work environment has different hazards and therefore different types of injuries can be expected. Keeping in mind that agriculture is still listed as among the most hazardous professions, it’s pretty obvious that first-aid emergencies can be expected.OSHA standards require trained first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) providers at all workplaces of any size if there is no infirmary, clinic or hospital in near proximity to the workplace which is used for the treatment of all injured employees. The standard does not state the meaning of “near proximity.”
My interpretation would be that worksites more than 15 miles from a medical facility or emergency services should have trained personnel. One other factor that may require you to have trained first-aid and CPR personnel would be delayed medical responses due to accessibility to the worksite.
When in doubt, get employees first-aid and CPR certified. The two most common certified first-aid and CPR educators are the American Red Cross and the American Heart Association. Both educators have excellent training programs. Employers should have enough trained personnel so that there is always someone available. A good rule is to have a minimum of two personnel certified for each 10 employees.
The assortment of required items was developed based on treatment for the following potential injuries: major wounds, minor wounds (cuts and abrasions), minor burns and eye injuries.
So, unless you feel it necessary, medications such as aspirin, throat lozenges, cold medicines and pain relievers, do not need to be part of your first-aid kit.
At right is a list of first-aid supplies that I would recommend in a basic first-aid kit. This list has additional supplies to what is required by the standard, but after working with agriculture through the years, I feel those additional items are necessary.
Safety standards also state that employers should assess the specific needs of their worksite periodically and augment the first-aid kit appropriately.
You can find OSHA Standards for first aid in 29 CFR 1910.151 Subpart K and requirements for first-aid kit supplies in American National Standard (ANSI) Z308.1-1998. Specifics for showers and emergency eye-wash stations can be found in the ANSI Z358.1-2009 Standard.