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|NASDA releases raw milk survey|
|News - Latest|
|Wednesday, 27 July 2011 10:23|
The National Association of State Departments of Agriculture (NASDA) has released updated results from a raw milk survey.
The Center for Disease Control (CDC) strongly discourages consumption of raw milk as pathogens from raw milk can result in kidney failure, paralysis and fatality, in some cases.
The 2011 data shows the same 30 states allowing raw milk sales. Likewise, the same 20 states still prohibit the sale of raw milk to consumers. Five states have adopted stricter quality standards to regulate the sale of raw milk since the 2008 survey.
The survey shows that 12 other states allow the sale of raw milk at retail stores separate from the farm. The remaining five states restrict the availability of raw milk to special markets or have compound regulations.
Sales of raw milk restricted to the farm:
• Four of these states (MN, WI, OK, IL) further restrict sales to only incidental occurrences (i.e., occasional; not as regular course of business; no advertising)
• Kansas allows sales directly to the consumer on the farm with minimal on-farm advertising.
• Four states (AR, KY, MS, RI) restrict sales to goat milk only, with two states (KY, RI) also requiring a prescription from a physician
• Five states have a coliform standard for milk sold only on-farm (ID, MA, NY, OR, TX)
Sales of raw milk at retail stores separate from farm:
• One of the 12 (UT), requires the store to be owned by the producer, even though it can be located off of the farm.
• Another state (SC) allows the sale of raw milk both on and off the farm and at farmers’ markets if a permit is obtained. Further, farmers must provide retail stores with a warning plaque to be displayed in front of the raw milk.
Of these 12 states, all 12 have a total coliform standard.
• Nine states have a coliform standard of < 10/mL (AZ, CA, ME, NH, NV, PA, SC, UT, WA)
• One state has a coliform standard of < 25/mL (ID)
• Two states have a coliform standard of < 50/mL (CT, NM)
Sales of raw milk at farmers’ markets and states with compound regulations:
• One state (OR) allows on-farm sales of raw cow’s milk only from farms with no more than two producing cows, nine producing sheep and/or 9 producing goats; Only goat milk is allowed at retail off farm.
• Of the 5 states, one state (CO) prohibits all sales of raw milk; however, raw milk may be legally obtained through “share” operations.
• Another state (VT), authorize share operations if share owners claim on their taxes the percentage of the farm that they own. Limited amounts of raw milk may be sold at farms.
• Three states (SD, MO, VT) allow farmers to deliver to farmers’ market but not to stores.
• Of these five states, 4 have minimum standard requirements (MO, OR, SD, VT)
• One state has a coliform standard of < 10/mL (VT, OR)
• One state has a coliform standard of < 100/mL (MO)
• One state requires the same standards for raw milk as pasteurized milk (SD)
The sale of raw milk is prohibited in 20 States: (AL, AK, DE, FL, GA, HI, IN, IA, LA, MD, MI, MT, NJ, NC, ND, OH, TN, VA, WV, WY)
States that have added quality standards for raw milk since 2008 are highlighted in red
2011 Survey Questions:
1. Is the sale of raw milk for direct human consumption legal in your state?
2. Do your state laws or regulations expressly prohibit animal share raw milk operations?
3. Do your state laws or regulations authorize raw milk sales only on the farm?
4. Are raw milk sales at retail stores or markets, separate from the farm, legal in your state?
5. Does your state have any microbial standards for raw milk sold to the consumer? If yes, please specify.
6. Is sampling for compliance with the above standard(s) conducted at the farm bulk tank or at the final package/bottle?
7. Are there any county or local government bans on raw milk sales in your state?
8. Approximately how many producers of milk to be sold raw are operating in your state?
9. What has changed regarding the regulation of raw milk since the 2008 survey? PD
—National Association of Departments of Agriculture (NASDA) press release