Current Progressive Dairy digital edition

What Happened? What's next? - USDA to purchase fluid milk; petition wants whole milk back in schools

Progressive Dairy Editor Dave Natzke Published on 27 November 2019

You’re busy milking cows and meeting with your lender to review year-end financials. With that in mind, Progressive Dairy looks at issues in the news impacting you and your dairy business.

In recognition of your time, we’ll attempt to summarize recent events or actions making dairy headlines and reported in our weekly digital newsletter, Progressive Dairy Extra. Then we’ll try to put that news into perspective and briefly describe how it might affect you.




What happened?

With schools back in session, August 2019 (the latest available at Progressive Dairy’s deadline) fluid milk sales volume rebounded from summer lulls but still trailed year-ago levels. At more than 3.87 billion pounds, overall August 2019 sales of packaged conventional and organic fluid milk were the highest since May. However, monthly sales were down 1.9% compared to a year earlier. January-August 2019 sales were estimated at 30.43 billion pounds, down 1.8%.

What’s ahead?

In October, the USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) announced it would purchase $50 million in fresh fluid milk for distribution to various food nutrition assistance programs. Purchases will include fluid whole milk, reduced fat (2%) and low-fat (1%) in gallons and half-gallons. The USDA will solicit bids:

  • In November 2019, for delivery in the first quarter of 2020
  • In February 2020, for delivery in the second quarter of 2020
  • In May 2020, for delivery in the third quarter of 2020
  • In August 2020, for delivery in the fourth quarter of 2020

Bottom line


October was a busy month for USDA dairy product purchases and bid solicitations for future purchases. In addition to the announcement regarding fluid milk, the USDA also:

  • Awarded bids for more than 403,000 pounds of mozzarella cheese for delivery to domestic food distribution programs in December 2019
  • Announced the intent to purchase 604,800 pounds of mozzarella string cheese for delivery in January-February 2020. Bids closed Oct. 29, 2019
  • Announced the intent to purchase nearly 580,000 pounds of flavored yogurt for delivery in January-March 2020
  • Awarded bids covering 76 million pounds of block, barrel and shredded cheddar cheese; 97.1 million pounds of mozzarella cheese; and 53.8 million pounds of processed cheese, all for delivery in 2020

Talking points: Defenders of the galaxy

Click here or on the image above to view it at full size in a new window.


What happened?

A petition drive was launched by Grassroots Citizens for Whole Milk for Healthy Kids seeking to make whole milk available for school children (find the petition here). As of Oct. 31, nearly 12,000 online signatures and 3,000 paper signatures had been gathered.

The petition asks Congress and President Trump to support proposals to allow whole milk to be included on school feeding program menus. Current proposals expanding school milk options include:


  • The Milk in Lunches for Kids Act (Senate Bill 1810). That bill allows whole milk and reduced-fat milk (regular and flavored) at school meals and revises regulations to exclude milkfat from the calculation of the average saturated fat content of a school meal.
  • The Whole Milk for Healthy Kids Act (House Bill 832). That bill allows schools to offer whole milk and whole flavored milk as well as 2% reduced-fat milk without additional paperwork.

The petition drive also asks parents and others to urge local school boards and other groups to pass resolutions supporting whole milk being allowed in schools.

What’s ahead?

Adding whole milk to the school lunchroom menu won’t be as simple as changing orders from low-fat to higher-fat or whole-milk varieties. Revisions to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans – updated every five years and currently going through the revision process – are seen as critical to expanded milk offerings in schools.

Beyond providing dietary recommendations, the document is also used as the basis for dairy options served as part of the National School Lunch and Breakfast programs and other federal feeding programs.

The “2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans” update is scheduled for release at the end of 2020.

Bottom line

Attempts to expand school feeding program milk offerings are an effort to reverse declining fluid milk consumption since federal rules were changed earlier this decade. In 2010, Congress passed the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act, amending federal school nutrition standards. Among the changes, the law mandated that flavored milk offered in schools must be fat-free. Published reports indicate school milk consumption has declined by hundreds of millions of half pints over recent years at a time school enrollment was growing. 

Dave Natzke
  • Dave Natzke

  • Editor
  • Progressive Dairy
  • Email Dave Natzke