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2021 DMC enrollment period is Oct. 12 to Dec. 11

Progressive Dairy Editor Dave Natzke Published on 19 October 2020

Last June, the USDA announced the enrollment period for the 2021 Dairy Margin Coverage (DMC) program will be held Oct. 12 – Dec. 11, 2020 through Farm Service Agency (FSA) offices.

The July 19, 2020 issue of Progressive Dairy featured a Q&A article with FSA Administrator Richard Fordyce, previewing the enrollment process and exploring any potential changes to the program for next year.



As in previous years, producers will need to certify to commercially marketing milk, pay the $100 administrative fee and sign the DMC contract. The administrative fee can be waived for eligible limited resource, socially disadvantaged, veteran or beginning farmers.

In late 2019, producers were eligible to sign up for DMC through 2023 and were eligible to receive discounts on premiums. This year, only new producers who began commercially marketing milk 90 days prior to enrollment can lock in coverages until 2023 and be eligible for discounted premiums. All other DMC participants will be eligible to enroll annually, with no premium discounts, according to Fordyce.

Producers who are first-time enrollees will need to establish a production history with FSA and, depending on when they started to commercially market milk, some production information may be required. In some cases, the milk marketing statements for an applicable time period provide the production history information. However, if a dairy operation has an established production history, enrolling is simply a matter of contacting FSA to complete a DMC contract.

As a refresher, the DMC program offers catastrophic coverage (milk income margin over feed cost of $4 per hundredweight) at no cost, with higher levels of protection available for a premium (Table 2).

Dairy Margin Coverage program premiums


Tier I enrollment covers the first 5 million pounds of annual production history up to a maximum margin of $9.50 per hundredweight. Tier II enrollment covers production history above 5 million pounds up to a maximum margin of $8 per hundredweight. A factsheet is available on the USDA Dairy Margin Coverage website.

Due to COVID-19, FSA county offices have adopted electronic and online options for producers to be able to complete applications. Some offices are open to visitors to conduct business in person by appointment only. Contact your local office when sign-up begins this fall to learn about the best methods to complete the required steps.

A look back

As 2019 came to a close, the market outlook indicated stronger milk prices and the likelihood DMC indemnity payments would not be triggered in 2020. As a result, milk volume protected under DMC fell to about 122 billion pounds, about 60 billion pounds less than 2019. Only about 51% of U.S. dairy producers with FSA-established milk production history signed up.

However, market disruptions caused by the coronavirus pandemic drove milk prices sharply lower, triggering significant indemnity payments in April-May 2020. In most cases, those net payments surpassed premium costs for the entire year. As of the end of September, DMC had made an estimated $196.4 million in payments to producers enrolled in the program in 2020, with payments averaging $14,573 (Table 1).  end mark

Dairy Margin Coverage enrollment and payments January - September, 2020

Dave Natzke
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